We can select a few cells in Excel and quickly see their count, sum etc. in the status bar. Ever wanted to customize the status bar to show something else, say difference? You can use VBA add-ins with application level events to achieve this. In this Example, learn how to customize status bar with Excel VBA. We will see how to set up a class module, application event in our personal macro add-in.
Note: This is a reasonably advanced VBA example. If you are a VBA newbie, start with FREE Excel VBA Crash Course, and come back when you are ready.
If you just want to show difference in a specific worksheet…
Then you could use Worksheet_SelectionChange() Event in that sheet to set Application.StatusBar to what you need.
But our problem is a bit more complicated. We want to customize status bar to show difference in any Excel file.
Using Excel Add-in to customize status bar
Anytime you want to use a macro or automate things in multiple files, you need to create Excel add-ins. While this sounds complicated. making an add-in is rather simple. You just create the necessary VBA code and save the file as “Excel Add-in” type. Once such a file is saved, you can then install this add-in using Developer ribbon > Excel Add-in button. Now, you can use the add-in functionality from any open file.
For the purpose of our status bar customization, we will use Personal Macro workbook.
If you do not yet have a personal macro workbook, go make one. Refer to above link for instructions.
Step by step instructions to add status bar changing code
Step 1: Open Excel, go to Visual Basic Editor (ALT+F11) and locate your personal macro add-in file.
Step 2: Insert a class module. In the personal macro file, insert a class module. Name this module as clsApp.
Paste below code in the class.
Public WithEvents app As Application
This adds a variable (property) called app to the class clsApp.
Step 3: Insert a module. In this module, we will write necessary code to make an object instance of the clsApp.
Paste this code.
Option Explicit 'code originally from https://jkp-ads.com/Articles/buildexceladdin05.asp 'Variable to hold instance of class clsApp Dim mcApp As clsApp Public Sub Init() 'Reset mcApp in case it is already loaded Set mcApp = Nothing 'Create a new instance of clsApp Set mcApp = New clsApp 'Pass the Excel object to it so it knows what application 'it needs to respond to Set mcApp.app = Application End Sub
What this code is doing? As annotated in the comments, this code is simply to initialize the mcApp variable with current Excel application.
Step 4: Go back to class module and add app level event. Now, let’s go back to the class module and click on on the drop-down above and select “app” and select the event SheetSelectionChange.
This adds a blank event at app level for SheetSelectionChange.
Paste below code.
Private Sub app_SheetSelectionChange(ByVal Sh As Object, ByVal Target As Range) Application.StatusBar = "" On Error GoTo Finish If Selection.Cells.Count = 2 Then Application.StatusBar = "Diff: " & (Selection.Cells(1) - Selection.Cells(2)) Else Application.StatusBar = "" End If Finish: End Sub
What’s going on here: This code simply checks with Selection has two cells. If so, it sets the statusbar to the word “Diff:” followed by actual difference.
In all other cases (including any errors), the status bar is set to empty (which resets it).
Step 5: Go to ThisWorkbook on the add-in file add code to init
Finally, we want to load mcApp (our instance for the Excel Application) whenever Excel is loaded. To do this, go to ThisWorkbook on the personal add-in file, double click on it and add the Workbook Open event.
Paste below code in there.
'code originally from https://jkp-ads.com/Articles/buildexceladdin05.asp Private Sub Workbook_Open() Application.OnTime Now, "'" & ThisWorkbook.FullName & "'!Init" End Sub
That is all. We have now created an application level event listener that monitors any selection changes across all open workbooks. If user selects two cells, then it will display the difference between them in the status bar.
Here is an illustration of the chain of actions that happen
Show cell difference in status bar – Video Tutorial
I made a video explaining the entire code and demoed the result. Watch it below if you are still hazy about the process. You can also watch this on my YouTube channel.
References & Resources to learn more…
Big thanks to Jan Karel Pieterse & late Chip Pearson for excellent info on class module driven application event listeners.
- Application Events in Excel [cpearson]
- Application Events as part of Excel Add-in [jkp-ads]
Setting up Personal Macro add-in Workbook
More info on Worksheet_SelectionChange event
- Use SelectionChange to highlight things in Excel
- Show details on demand using VBA
Learn Excel VBA
- Excel VBA Crash Course – FREE basic course
- Excel VBA Online Classes – Paid full length course
This article is inspired from a question posted in my Facebook group by Istiyak.
The post Show difference between cells in status bar – VBA Example appeared first on Chandoo.org – Learn Excel, Power BI & Charting Online.
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